Office of Equity and Inclusion: Definitions

Multiculturalism

Acknowledges and promotes acceptance and understanding of different cultures living together within a community. It fosters the peaceful coexistence of diverse races, ethnicities, and other cultural groups in a given social environment.

Williams, D. A. (2013). Strategic diversity leadership: Activating change and transformation higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Inclusion

Exists when traditionally marginalized individuals and groups feel a sense of belonging and are empowered to participate in majority culture as full and valued members of the community, shaping and redefining that culture in different ways.

Williams, D. A. (2013). Strategic diversity leadership: Activating change and transformation higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Equity

Refers to the process of creating equivalent outcomes for members of historically underrepresented and oppressed individuals and groups. Equity is about ending systematic discrimination against people based on their identity or background.

Williams, D. A. (2013). Strategic diversity leadership: Activating change and transformation higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Diversity

Refers to all the ways in which people differ, including primary characteristics, such as age, race, gender, ethnicity, mental and physical abilities, and sexual orientation: and secondary characteristics, such as education, income, religion, work experience, language skills, geographic location, and family status.

Williams, D. A. (2013). Strategic diversity leadership: Activating change and transformation higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.