Good practice in undergraduate education
- Encourages student-faculty contact
- Encourages cooperation among students
- Encourages active learning
- Gives prompt feedback
- Emphasizes time on task
- Communicates high expectations
- Respects diverse talents and ways of learning
Student will Grow in
- A feeling of competence
- Managing their own emotions
- Gaining a feeling of autonomy and then a feeling of interdependence
- Developing mature relationships
- Forming their identity
- Developing a purpose
- Gaining a sense of integrity
Source: Evans, N.J, Forney, D.S., Guido-DiBrito, F., 1998. Student Development in College: Theory, Research and Practice. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
Theory of Support and Challenge
Think of a continuum, on one side is challenge and on the other side is support. Too little challenge with too much support = complacency, and the student becomes overly comfortable and will not experience growth. On the opposite end, too little support with too much challenge = being overwhelmed, which leads to frustration and again, to no growth. We need to find a balance between support and challenge. This theory also considers the disequilibrium between one way of knowing and another to be vital in the growth process.
Source: Sanford, N. 1968. Where colleges fail: a study of student as a person, Jossey Bass.