Engagement Research

Studies show how important it is for students to be physically & mentally engaged in campus and co-curricular activities. Benefits of engagement include:

  • Positive learning outcomes and development (Carini & Kuh, 2003)
  • Predictive of positive growth (Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991)
  • Higher scores in leadership and communication skills (Dugan & Komives, 2007)
  • Cognitive change (Astin, 1993; Carini, Kuh & Klein, 2006; Pascarella & Terenzini, 1991; Strayhorn, 2008)
  • Learning of skills and development of characteristics to contribute to society and pursue happiness (Carini, Kuh & Klein, 2006)
  • Feeling of more control over their lives (DiRamio & Payne, 2007)
  • Higher GPA (Carini, Kuh & Klein, 2006)
  • Persisting to graduation (Sax, 2008)
  • Higher sense of social activism and interest in politics (Sax, 2008)

Sources:
Astin, A.W. (1993). What matters in college: Four critical years revisited. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Carini, R.M. & Kuh, G.D. (2003). Tomorrow's teachers: Do they engage in the 'right things' during college? Phi Delta Kappa, 84(5), 391-398.
Carini, R.M., Kuh, G. & Klein, S.P. (2006). Student engagement and student learning: testing the linkages. Research in Higher Education, 47(1), 1-32.
DiRamio, D. & Payne, R. (2007). Assessing the relationship between campus programs, student self-efficacy, stress, and substance abuse. College Student Journal, 41(3), 676-695.
Dugan, J.P. & Komives, S.R. (2007). Developing leadership capacity in college students: Findings from a national study. A Report from the Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership. College Park, MD: National Clearinghouse for Leadership Programs.
Pascarella, E.T. & Terenzini, P.T. (1991). How college effects students: Findings and insights from twenty years of research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Sax, L.J. (2008). The gender gap in college: Maximizing the developmental potential of women and men, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Strayhorn, T.L. (2008). How college students' engagement affects personal and social learning. Journal of College and Character, 10(2), 2-16.