A Social Security Number is a type of national identification number that is required for employment in US. An SSN is not required for living in the US but is used by the US government to withhold taxes from pay.
Students in F-1 status must have an offer of employment to be eligible to apply for an SSN (for example: an offer of on-campus employment or off-campus work permission such as OPT or CPT). For F-1 students who have an on-campus job offer, your on-campus employer must complete a Social Security Form, which Marywood must also sign to verify immigration status. Students then take the form, in person, to the local Social Security Administration office (409 Lackawanna Ave # 1, Scranton, PA 18503, (570) 342-8062) to begin the application process. Take your passport, I-20, I-94 card (found in your passport) to apply. Contact Marywood's Office of International Affairs for further information. Marywood currently does not sponsor students studying under the J-1 visa, however J-1 students sponsored by another agency or government will need to get a confirmation from their visa sponsor. You will also need to provide an address where your new card can be sent. The Social Security Administration recommends that international applicants wait at least 10 (ten) days after arrival in the US before submitting an application for an SSN.
Scholars should apply for a permanent Social Security Number (SSN) when they arrive in Scranton. You will be asked for the SSN at the bank, by your landlord, Marywood payroll office, etc. It's the closest thing that Americans have to a national identification number although you are not required to have one unless you will be paid in the US. Complete the forms on the Social Security website, and take them to the nearby Social Security Administration (SSA) office (409 Lackawanna Ave # 1, Scranton, PA 18503, (570) 342-8062) at least 10 days after you have entered the US. It takes approximately 10 days for your entry to the US to be recorded in the immigration database that the SSA must check before they can assign a number to you. You must take your passport, DS-2019, I-94 card (found in your passport) and the SSN application.
Getting a Social Security Number for a Spouse
Social Security Numbers can only be issued to those non-immigrants (those who are not citizens or permanent residents of the US) who have an official need for such numbers. A Social Security Number is not required for living in the US, but is used by the US government to withhold taxes from pay. Spouses on F-2 visas are not eligible for work authorization and therefore cannot obtain a Social Security Number.